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雅思范文: 各国类似

2018-07-23 11:14:32作者:谢振礼

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写作范文:各国类似

Cambridge English 10

IELTS Writing Task 2

Email [email protected] 

 

Topic:

 

Countries are becoming more and more similar because people are able to buy the same products anywhere in the world. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

国家变得越来越相似,因为人们可以在世界任何地方买到同样的产品。你认为这是积极的还是消极的发展?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你回答的理由,并从你自己的知识或经验中举出相关的例子。

 

Essay:

 

Obviously because of global globalization, there is an increasing intermingling of international businesses and each country is learning more about products of other countries. It can be seen in particular that people are able to buy the same products anywhere in the world; and as a result, countries are becoming more and more similar. This phenomenon has both positive and negative effects.

显然,由于全球化的影响,国际企业之间的相互交融日益加深,各国对其他国家产品的了解也越来越多。人们可以在世界任何地方买到同样的产品;因此,国家变得越来越相似。这种现象既有积极的影响,也有消极的影响。

 

To begin with, globalization has changed the outlook of those countries which become more and more similar in terms of the availability of the identical consumer products. It is a good to see that the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively growing  trade. Nowadays, consumers across the world can gain the opportunities of enjoying the same fruits of globalization in such aspects as eating, drinking, clothing, entertaining, and so on. For example, the biggest companies like McDonalds and Starbucks are no longer national firms but multinational corporations with subsidiaries selling identical products in many countries. This and other examples are illustrations of the benefits of globalization, therefore consumers at large think that similarities in countries are a positive development, thanks to the free interplay of supply and demand through transporting products beyond borders in weeks, days or hours.

首先,全球化改变了这些国家的前景,这些国家在提供相同的消费品方面变得越来越相似。我们很高兴地看到,由于贸易的大幅增长,世界各国之间的联系日益紧密。如今,世界各地的消费者都有机会在吃、喝、穿、娱乐等方面享受同样的全球化成果。例如,像麦当劳和星巴克这样的大公司不再是全国性的公司,而是跨国公司,在许多国家都有子公司销售相同的产品。这个例子和其他例子说明了全球化的好处,因此,消费者普遍认为,由于在数周、数天或数小时内将产品运送到境外,供需之间的自由互动,各国之间的相似性是一种积极的发展。

 

However, when countries are becoming more and more similar because people can buy the same products anywhere, there is a loss of each country’s identity of lifestyle in the cultural context. Therefore, from the cultural perspective, globalization is homogenizing tastes in consumption and destroying a country’s diversity in lifestyle, as if to turn countries into one world culture.  Since the present era has pushed this trend to a great extent, the similar lifestyle due to the availability of the same international products have caused this to happen. For instance, in what is called “cultural imperialism,”, people are under the influence of American film and television shows that have corrosive effects on local cultures by highlighting Western notions of beauty and fitness, and in turn this influence may lead consumers to buy the same products as shown on the screen. In other words, that countries are becoming similar is a negative development.

然而,当国家变得越来越相似,因为人们可以在任何地方买到相同的产品时,在文化背景下,每个国家的生活方式的身份就会丧失。因此,从文化的角度来看,全球化是消费品味的同质化,破坏一个国家生活方式的多样性,仿佛要把一个国家变成一个世界文化。由于当今时代在很大程度上推动了这一趋势,由于同样的国际产品的可获得性,类似的生活方式导致了这一趋势的发生。例如,在所谓的“文化帝国主义”,人的影响下,美国电影和电视节目,对当地文化有腐蚀性的影响通过强调西方的美容和健身观念,反过来这种影响可能导致消费者购买相同的产品显示在屏幕上。换句话说,国家变得相似是一种消极的发展。

 

In conclusion, there are pros and cons about countries becoming increasingly similar because people can buy the same products anywhere in the world. Globalization is likely to standardize lifestyle in many countries. The consumer products being the same, it will become rather hard to tell one country from another in this respect.

综上所述,各国变得越来越相似有其利弊,因为人们可以在世界任何地方购买相同的产品。全球化有可能使许多国家的生活方式标准化。消费产品是一样的,在这方面很难区分一个国家和另一个国家。


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