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雅思范文: 经济发展

2018-07-23 11:07:19作者:谢振礼

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托福写作范文: 经济发展

Cambridge English 11

IELTS Writing Task 2 谢振礼 写作讲义 评改作文

Cambridge 4-13 total 40 essays [email protected] 

 

Topic:

Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

许多政府认为经济发展是他们最重要的目标。然而,有些人认为其他类型的进步对一个国家来说同样重要。讨论这两种观点并给出你自己的观点。

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你回答的理由,并从你自己的知识或经验中举出相关的例子。


Essay:

For the overall wellbeing of its people, progress of a country must be a balance between economic and human progress. While economic progress can create wealth, it has no sense to talk about economic progress without taking into account its contribution to human progress. It is relevant for governments to think that economic progress is very important, but other types of progress focusing on human progress are important too.

一个国家的进步,对于人民的整体福祉,必须是经济发展与人的进步的平衡。虽然经济进步可以创造财富,但如果不考虑经济进步对人类进步的贡献,谈论经济进步是毫无意义的。各国政府认为经济进步是非常重要的,这是有关系的,但是以人类进步为重点的其他类型的进步也很重要。

 

Is economic progress the fundamental goal of a country? The answer is yes because economic progress means a rise in real GDP (Gross National Product) and is one of the most important indicators of a healthy economy. Then, one of the biggest impacts of long-term growth of a country is that it has a positive impact on national income, which in turn improves the standard of living. Among other benefits for a country, economic progress has the indirect potential to alleviate poverty, as a result of a simultaneous increase in job opportunity and labor productivity. Furthermore, high economic progress also leads to extra tax revenues for fiscal spending, which can be used to develop a country’s infrastructure and public services. What is more, countries with positive rates of economic progress will create a virtuous cycle, which for many governments is the most important goal.

经济发展是一个国家的根本目标吗?答案是肯定的,因为经济进步意味着实际GDP(国民生产总值)的增长,是健康经济最重要的指标之一。那么,一个国家长期增长的最大影响之一就是它对国民收入产生了积极的影响,进而提高了生活水平。对一个国家来说,除了其他好处之外,由于就业机会和劳动生产率同时增加,经济进步具有减轻贫困的间接潜力。此外,经济的高速发展还会带来财政支出的额外税收收入,用于发展国家的基础设施和公共服务。更重要的是,经济增长率为正的国家将创造一个良性循环,这对许多政府来说是最重要的目标。

 

Economic progress creates wealth for a country, but it is not the only goal for governments because equally important for people’s wellbeing is human development. For that matter, economic progress has to be a vehicle that supports all aspects of human progress ranging from level of income to working conditions to access to healthcare to life expectancy. To be more specific, the way wealth is being distributed is crucial to citizens’ wellbeing in the sense that large social inequalities destroy a country’s development and downgrade people’s quality of life. That is to say, if wealth is being distributed on just a few people, it will never contribute to the development of the countries that generate it. Unfortunately, a country can be progressing economically at the expense of a decline in human progress. And this is why human progress is as important a goal as economic progress.

经济发展为国家创造财富,但这不是政府的唯一目标,因为人类发展对人民福祉同样重要。就这一点而言,经济进步必须是一种工具,支持人类进步的所有方面,从收入水平到工作条件,从获得医疗保健到预期寿命。更具体地说,财富的分配方式对公民的福祉至关重要,因为巨大的社会不平等破坏了一个国家的发展,降低了人们的生活质量。也就是说,如果财富只分配给少数人,它就永远不会对创造财富的国家的发展做出贡献。不幸的是,一个国家可以以牺牲人类进步的下降为代价在经济上取得进展。这就是为什么人类进步和经济进步一样重要。

 

In conclusion, economic progress is important of course, but it is not everything that provides people with overall wellbeing if human progress is being sacrificed. For governments, it is important to create wealth through economic progress, and it is also important to distribute that wealth for human progress. Balance is key.

总而言之,经济进步固然重要,但如果牺牲人类进步,并不是一切都能给人们带来整体福祉。对政府来说,通过经济进步创造财富是重要的,同样重要的是将这些财富分配给人类进步。平衡是关键。


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