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雅思范文: 处理垃圾

2018-07-23 11:03:31作者:谢振礼

本文由Mr.Hsieh授权爱思英语发布,转载请注明出处和作者,翻译来自机翻,仅供参考

托福写作范文:处理垃圾

Cambridge English 11

IELTS Writing Task 2 谢振礼 写作讲义 评改作文

Cambridge 4-13 total 40 essays [email protected] 

 

Topic:

Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement.

一些人声称,没有足够的垃圾被回收利用。他们说,增加回收的唯一途径是政府将其作为法律要求。

To what extent do you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste?

你认为法律在多大程度上需要让人们回收更多的垃圾?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你回答的理由,并从你自己的知识或经验中举出相关的例子。


Essay:

Recycling is so simple to do that everyone can do it, but why many people resist the practice? Probably it is often because they think either that it is harder than it is or that the items they fail to recycle will be of little consequence. To make people recycle more of their waste, not only mandatory laws must be put in place but also education programs are necessary as a key tool for growing recycling rates.

回收是如此简单,每个人都可以做到,但是为什么很多人反对这种做法呢?这可能是因为他们认为要么是比实际困难,要么就是他们没有回收的项目不会有什么后果。为了让人们回收更多的垃圾,不仅必须制定强制性的法律,而且教育项目是提高垃圾回收率的关键工具。

 

New waste management rules have become a legal requirement in many cities which see the need to “punish” those who throw away recyclable materials. Although such rules may differ from city to city, generally they mean that households will be legally required to separate all rubbish into different bins for recycling, on penalties of fines. In other words, such rules are designed to act as a deterrent and encourage people to abide by the established recycling standards. So, to some extent governments’ measures are justified since by recycling, people will be protecting the environment, and as a result, protecting public health as well. And that explains why some people say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement to minimize or eliminate the uncontrolled dispersal of waste materials into the environment. Accordingly, if everyone takes it seriously, this legal requirement could lead to a clean and healthy environment.

在许多认为有必要“惩罚”那些扔掉可回收材料的人的城市,新的垃圾管理规定已经成为法律要求。尽管这些规定可能因城市而异,但一般而言,它们意味着家庭将被法律要求将所有垃圾分装到不同的垃圾箱中进行回收,并处以罚款。换句话说,这些规则的目的是作为一种威慑,鼓励人们遵守既定的回收标准。因此,从某种程度上说,政府的措施是合理的,因为通过回收利用,人们将保护环境,并因此保护公共卫生。这就解释了为什么有些人说,增加回收的唯一途径是让政府把减少或消除不受控制的废物扩散到环境中的法律要求。因此,如果每个人都认真对待它,这一法律要求可以导致一个清洁和健康的环境。

 

At the same time, government-sponsored recycling education programs can be a useful way to increase recycling by changing human behavior and creating an environment-friendly culture. Among other things for all sectors concerned to do is to explain, inform, motivate and persuade people to recycle for public benefits. For example, in schools educators may ask students to remember a list of what is recyclable and what is not, and thereby to sort out waste at home. Through news media, people may be taught to understand the importance of the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) in a throw-away society. If recycling education programs are made clear,  people will be increasingly aware of why not enough of the waste from homes is recycled and how to do more in recycling. Overall, the point of education is to let people know that recycling is everyone’s business because, if they miss that point, recycling is likely to become nobody’s business.

与此同时,政府资助的回收教育项目可以通过改变人类行为和创造一种环境友好的文化来增加回收。在所有相关部门要做的事情中,还有一件是解释、告知、激励和说服人们为公共利益而回收废物。例如,在学校里,教育工作者可能会要求学生记住一份清单,上面列出了哪些是可回收的,哪些是不可回收的,从而把家里的垃圾分类。通过新闻媒体,人们可以被教导去理解“减少、重复使用、循环利用”在一个被抛弃的社会中的重要性。如果回收教育计划变得清晰,人们将会越来越意识到为什么没有足够的家庭垃圾被回收,以及如何在回收方面做得更多。总的来说,教育的目的是让人们知道,回收是每个人的事情,因为如果他们错过了这一点,回收很可能会成为任何人的事情。

 

To sum up, it is possible to increase recycling by obliging people to obey the waste management laws and by educating them about the importance of recycling. Under governments’ encouragement, people are expected to make a difference in improving their living environment. It is simple to recycle, but people must have the will to do it.

综上所述,我们有可能通过迫使人们遵守废物管理法和教育他们回收的重要性来增加回收。在政府的鼓励下,人们期望在改善生活环境方面有所作为。回收很简单,但人们必须有这样做的意愿。

 


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