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专八听力:专八Mini-lecture中常用符号(1)

2012-11-02 11:12:42

专八听力:专八Mini-lecture中常用符号(1)

     Abbreviations in Note taking
  Use only the abbreviations that fit your needs and that you will remember easily. A good idea is to introduce only a few abbreviations into your note taking at a time.
  
  Symbols helpful in math -- these are commonly used in texts and references.
  S = sum
  f = frequency
  
  Leave out periods in standard abbreviations.
  cf = compare
  e.g. = example
  dept = department
  
  Use only the first syllable of a word.
  pol = politics
  dem = democracy
  lib = liberal
  cap = capitalism
  
  Use entire first syllable and only 1st letter of 2nd syllable.
  pres = presentation
  subj = subject
  ind = individual
  cons = conservative
  
  Eliminate final letters. Use just enough of the word to form a recognizable abbreviation.
  assoc = associate
  biol = biology
  info = information
  ach = achievement
  chem = chemistry
  max = maximum
  intro = introduction
  conc = concentration
  min = minimum
  rep = repetition
  
  Omit vowels, retain only enough consonants to give a recognizable skeleton of the word.
  ppd = prepared
  prblm = problem
  estmt = estimate
  bkgd = background
  gvt = government
  Use an apostrophe in place of letters.
  am't = amount
  cont'd = continued
  gov't = government
  educat'l = educational

  Form the plural of a symbol or abbreviated word by adding s.
  chpts = chapters
  egs = examples
  fs = frequencies
  intros = introductions
 

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